The most crucial for electric vehicles (EV) is the external ecosystem, or more precisely the infrastructure which is often closely linked to the government's various supporting measures. India has a FAME-II program, an incentive program aiming to accelerate the spread of eco-friendly vehicles. The program's total budget is INR100 billion (US$1.4 billion), of which 86% will be subsidies for vehicles and 10% for charging facilities.
VNG, the first Vietnam-based unicorn that operates mobile communication App, online games, e-commerce, and cloud computing services, in 2017 signed an MoU with Nasdaq but has not yet applied for listing, this is because there is actually no rush for the company to undertake an IPO.
Global notebook shipments are expected to experience minor declines in 2022 and 2023 as governments will start cutting their COVID-19 subsidies and stimulus checks with the easing of the pandemic, reducing overall demand for notebooks. However, the market is expected to see the next wave of shipment growth between 2024 and 2026 with upgrades to panels and hardware, according to the figures from Digitimes Research's latest five-year (2022-2026) forecast report on the notebook industry.
The number of newborn unicorns has again hit record levels in 2021, following a strong year in 2020. There are more than 800 unicorns around the world as of September of 2021. By geographic regions, the US still dominates in terms of the number of unicorns, followed by India and China, according to The Asia Banker.
India's annual sales of two-wheelers once exceeded 20 million units but dropped to about 15 million units in 2020 due to the impact of the pandemic. Hero was the top motorcycle brand, with sales of 4.73 million units followed by Honda's 3.06 million units. Homegrown manufacturer, Chennai-based TVS, was in third place with 1.8 million units, and Bajaj with 1.42 million was fourth. Japan's Suzuki and Yamaha both have deployments in India. These companies are still in their inception stages of investment in electric vehicles (EV) except Hero Group, who invested in Hero Electric to capitalize on business opportunities for electric motorcycles.
Judging from the status of the upstream supply chain, regional markets and the COVID-19 pandemic, Digitimes Research expects global smartphone shipments to increase 4.7% on year and arrive at 1.3 billion units in 2021 and will see on-year growths between 4-7% every year in the next five years, according to the figures from Digitimes Research's latest five-year (2022-2026) forecast report on the smartphone industry.
TSMC's plans to raise its foundry service quotes have caused a stir among its customers. Wafer foundry and packing/testing production capacity prices have been going up. The price increases have accumulated in the chip end market forcing the selling price of computers, communications, and consumer electronics (3C) to also increase. However, there has been less consumer demand for purchasing, replacing, and upgrading 3C products, resulting in resistance to chip price increases from TSMC customers.
Before studying India's electric vehicle (EV) market, you may need to understand the Indian modes of transportation. According to NSSO, 62.3% of Indians prefer public transport such as buses and trains, and 46.7% of Indians use three-wheeled tuk-tuk. During weekdays 15.6 % of Indians regularly take trains while 9.8 % of them take a taxi. We can observe the future means of transport for Indians from the perspectives of "new technology" and "mode of operation".
Geopolitical tension and the net-zero carbon emission policy deadlines of governments worldwide are driving up demands for rare earth metals. However, trying to secure local supplies only by investing huge capital to build domestic production in the US or the EU alone is mission impossible. To achieve their carbon neutrality plan, innovation for rare earth demand reduction is also needed.
Who is the leader in the Indian car market? Suzuki accounts for almost 50% market share of the world's fifth-largest market of 2.71 million cars per year. Suzuki is not a top-tier brand in Japan. The key factor of Suzuki's success in India is that Suzuki Motor embraces a one-stop-shopping service strategy for the Indian market from car manufacturing to maintenance, insurance, and driving training courses. On top of that, its integration in the upstream and downstream of supply chains along with half a century of long-term in-depth operation in the Indian market is unrivaled. Perhaps owing to its satisfactory operation, Suzuki Motor is not active in the electric vehicles (EV) market.
India's per capita income is far lower than China's. Raw materials such as steel, coal and cotton are produced in India and shipped to China with processed products sold back to India. China's mobile phones, TVs and various commodities are sweeping the Indian market, with a trade deficit of more than US$50 billion a year in favor of China, partly fueling the tensions between the two countries.
South Korean companies from chaebols (large family-owned businesses) to network platform authorities to large Internet companies such as Kakao, Naver and Coupang, are starting to feel tense. Contributing factors include the upcoming South Korean presidential election that will be held in March 2022, as well as Samsung Group chairman Lee Jae-Yong's recent parole from prison.
It may be difficult to understand India. I've been to India almost 20 times, but this is the first time that I've tried to explore India from the perspective of electric vehicles (EV). How can we ignore the world's fifth-largest car market, as India looks forward to the opportunities for EVs and V2X?
According to some statistics, China imported US$350 billion of semiconductors in 2020, double the amount of US$176 billion in oil imports. It is estimated that US$450 billion of semiconductors will be imported in 2021. Judging from China's current semiconductor import structure, we can evaluate the strength of China's semiconductor industry at this stage. Taiwan and South Korea will inevitably become China's target of competition in the future.