Taiwan-based tech companies have stepped up their deployments for future vehicles in recent years, with TSMC, Delta Electronics, Quanta Computer, and Hon Hai Technology Group (Foxconn) successfully cutting into related supply chains.
Collaboration between global carmakers and TSMC
While chipmakers can utilize more advanced manufacturing processes for less sophisticated products, they cannot use less advanced processes for more sophisticated products, which makes production capacity adjustment a challenging task.
In the past, carmakers would consult tier-1 suppliers like Bosch and Continental before asking IDMs, such as Infineon, NXP, STMicroelectronics, Renesas, and Texas Instruments (TI), to begin chip production. IDMs would then contact foundries like TSMC to help with the production.
Having underestimated the market rebound, automakers have been striving to secure chipmakers' production capacities for automotive-grade chips since 2021. After IDMs shifted their focus back to automotive-grade products, TSMC began to see its production capacities being booked by clients in the automotive industry.
Such a disruptive change in the traditional automotive ecosystem can be mainly attributed to severe shortages of automotive chips. Automakers are competing for chipmakers' production capacities to meet both current and future demand.
With the automotive industry shifting toward full electrification, semiconductor firms are having difficulty keeping up with the fast-growing semiconductor demand despite their production expansions. Meanwhile, automakers are placing more emphasis on semiconductors, with some companies seeking to become self-sufficient on automotive chips. This shows that relationships between automakers and IDMs/foundries will only become closer in the future.
Delta Electronics cutting into supply chains of well-known automakers
Delta Electronics has been developing powertrain solutions for many years, and recently it began to see some of its investments pay off. According to industry sources, Delta Electronics has cut into the supply chains of 15 major automakers around the world.
As countries announced their plans to reduce carbon emissions, automakers have set timelines to stop producing or selling fossil fuel vehicles, while shifting their focus to developing EVs.
Despite competition from Bosch, Continental, LG Energy Solution, SK On, Samsung SDI, CATL, and BYD, Delta Electronics has managed to secure powertrain orders from many well-known automakers, which shows the competitiveness of Delta Electronics and its importance in the future vehicle market.
Quanta developing products for Level 2+ autonomous cars
Quanta Computer has years of experience in the automotive market, and it is a supplier of automotive computers for Tesla and other mainstream automakers.
According to industry sources, Quanta has entered the supply chains of top European and American tier-1 car OEs, and it will begin shipping its automotive products, including micro processing units (MPUs) and logistics solutions for central gateway software/hardware, to these clients in the second half of 2022. Its product shipments are in line with the upcoming arrival of Level 2+ autonomous driving in 2023, the sources explained.
The sources pointed out that most autonomous vehicles currently in the market are equipped with Level 2 self-driving technologies. Mainstream automakers are expected to begin introducing new models with Level 2+ autonomous driving functions in 2023, the sources said, adding that Quanta is a step ahead of the needs of the Level 2+ autonomous vehicle market.
Foxconn teams up with Stellantis
Foxconn has deepened its deployments for future vehicles in recent years. Supply chain sources said they expect the company to adjust its strategy to simultaneously focus on several automotive products in the future based on market reception and environmental changes.
Although Foxconn entered the future vehicle market relatively late compared to Delta Electronics and Quanta Computer, it has managed to form a partnership with the one of the world's top automakers, Stellantis. Foxconn had collaborated with FCA before the latter was merged with PSA Group into Stellantis in 2021.
Foxconn's subsidiary FIH Mobile and Stellantis announced in August 2021 that they would set up a joint venture Mobile Drive to deliver smart cockpit solutions, advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS), and connected services for future vehicles. By leveraging its experiences in the ICT industry, Foxconn is able to expand its business into the future vehicle industry in a short period of time.
The collaboration with Stellantis is deemed by market observers as a key factor in boosting the competitiveness of Foxconn. The Taiwan-based technology giant has also formed partnerships with automotive startup companies and is reportedly a candidate to produce the rumored Apple Car.
Pegatron seeing opportunities in EV market
Besides the Taiwan-based companies mentioned above, some electronics manufacturers are also worth mentioning. Pegatron, for example, has cut into Tesla's supply chain, and it even built an automotive parts plant in Texas for the automaker.
While analysts have indicated that Tesla has a heavy dependence on Chinese suppliers and that Tesla suppliers in other countries would experience higher cost pressures, Taiwan-based tech firms could perhaps utilize their experiences in mobile phones and computers to become bigger players in Tesla's supply chain.
Having successfully mitigated impacts caused by automotive chip shortages, Tesla is developing 46800 lithium batteries and is leading its competitors in procuring battery raw material resources. While many mainstream automakers are observing a decline in their vehicle sales, Tesla continues to see its annual sales grow at a rapid pace, which suggests that Pegatron's opportunities in the future vehicle market are also growing.
EV development goals for major automakers, 2025-2030
2025-2030 Investment Amount
BEVs to account for 25% of vehicle sales
BEVs to account for 50% of vehicle sales
EUR 73 billion
EVs to account for 50% of Nissan's vehicle sales
EUR 23 billion
1. Launch 55 EV models (40 BEVs + 15 PHEVs)
2. EVs to account for 98% of vehicle sales in Europe and North America
1. Sell 5 million BEVs globally
2. BEVs to account for 100% of vehicle sales in Europe
3. BEVs to account for 50% of vehicle sales in US
Over EUR 30 billion
Produce more than one million BEVs
BEVs to account for 50% of vehicle sales in North America and China
100% electrification of vehicles sold in Europe, mostly HEVs
EVs to account for 60% of vehicle sales
Boost BEV production capacity to two million units by 2026
BEVs to account for 40% of vehicle sales
Ship over two million BEVs
BEVs to account for 50% of vehicle sales; ship a total of 10 million BEVs
EUR 30 billion
BEVs and HEVs to account for 50% of vehicle sales
Ready for full electrification of vehicles
EUR 40 billion
Produce 20 million BEVs
Compiled by DIGITIMES, May 2022